HDMI 2.1 is the newer version of the commonly used HDMI cable for display connectivity. It enables new features for computer monitors and improves many aspects of the connectivity.
In this articles, we will take a look at the improvements HDMI 2.1 has over the older versions, and we will review the best HDMI 2.1 monitors on the market for gaming and productivity.
Many users may not be aware but there are actually many version of the HDMI cable that is used in many TVs and computer monitors.
The main reason why most people isn't ware is that, all of these versions use the same physical connector, and they are backwards compatible.
The shape and the size of the connector is exactly the same and you can't tell the version of the HDMI port or the cable just by looking at it.
This is actually very convenient as you can use any generation device with any generation cable, so It doesn't force you to upgrade or buy new cables or devices.
On the other hand, It could be a bit confusing for the consumers as most people don't even know that there are different versions and all of these versions have different capabilities.
That is why first we should clarify the versions on the market, and which ones are currently used before diving deeper in to the subject.
HDMI 1.0 is initially released in 2002 and over the years many things have changed. It currently has three different versions on the market, and these are:
Between the first release of HDMI in 2002 and the 1.4 version in 2009, HDMI has been updated almost every year with minor changes. Version 1.1 in 2003, version 1.2 in 2004 and version 1.3 in 2006.
There is a reason why version 1.4 took 3 additional years to be released, and it version changed a lost more than the previous 3 updates of the HDMI standard.
And this brings to one of our main topics of HDMI bandwidth which we need to simplify before comparing the different version of the HDMI cable.
Monitors and TVs display the visuals by painting pictures on to the screen. This is done very quickly which ends up tricking our brain to connect to dots between those pictures.
The rate that monitor displays a single picture or a frame is called the refresh rate or frame rate. This is a critical spec especially for gamers.
Higher the refresh rate, the transition between each picture is going to feel smoother and the experience will be better for the user.
However this is where the problem starts. Similarly sending picture over an internet, the more frames you send, It requires more data to be transferred.
This is exactly what is happening between the computer's graphics card and the monitors. Since this is done through the cable between the computer and the monitors, now It's all about the capacity of the cable, similarly the capacity of the Internet.
This data capacity of the cable is called the bandwidth of the HDMI connectivity. Basically, every version of HDMI standard has different bandwidth, in other words different data capacity.
The newer versions of the cable is capable of transmitting more data, meaning more frames per second, which means smoother and higher quality graphics for the user.
This was the main change between the previous HDMI versions and the version 1.4. It practically doubled the capacity of the cable from 4.95 Gbps to 10.2 Gbps.
Very similar to sending more pictures over a short period of time, another thing that requires more data capacity is sending higher quality pictures.
This is also one of the specs that is defined by the HDMI standard, and improves over time with newer versions of the connectivity.
For example HDMI version 1.4 also improved the maximum screen resolution and unlike the previous versions HDMI version 1.4 can support, 4096x2160p resolution.
That means HDMI version 1.4 supported DCI 4K resolution in 2009, almost 11 years ago, very impressive.
Different consumer segments demand different specs. For example, TV users might want higher resolution as the TVs become bigger and bigger.
On the other hand, gamers might prioritizes refresh rate of their screen as they prefer a smaller higher frame rate monitors.
However both of these requirements actually need the same data capacity to be higher.
HDMI 2.1 is a relatively newer standard, and It might take some time for monitor and display manufacturers to adapt this new technology in to their products.
However as the new gaming consoles and new graphics cards are already being released with HDMI 2.1, some of the display manufacturers already launched monitors with the new HDMI port.
EVE, one of these new and upcoming brands that focus on gaming technology and monitors, announced that they have a brand new monitor coming up with incredible specs.
Monitor is called EVE Spectrum, and EVE is claiming that monitor has 240Hz of refresh rate with 1440p resolutions.
EVE Spectrum is certified by AMD as AMD FreeSync Premium Pro level for AMD's variable refresh rate technology.